Telephone flea market houston tx

My wife and I went several months ago. We were pretty thorough and checked everything out. Very disappointed. Telephone road has a giant one. Not this traders village bs someone was talking about. Its an actual flea market. Flea by night http: It is not 'flea' if what they sell is all new items. There used to be a great on in spring branch but it's been demolished and replaced with 50 homes.

Where is a good flea market in Houston? : houston

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Welcome to Reddit, the front page of the internet. Become a Redditor and subscribe to one of thousands of communities. Want to add to the discussion? The promotores participated in one day of training that included recruiting and consenting participants, administering the survey, conducting observations, and writing field notes. Research teams approached the owner or manager of the pulga , presented an information sheet available in English and Spanish describing the study's purpose, and requested permission to conduct the study on pulga grounds.

To capture the widest variety of vendors, pulgas were visited twice, once on a weekday and once on a weekend day. Within each pulga , each team of researchers approached a vendor, described the study purpose, asked the vendor to review the information sheet, offered a five dollar participation incentive, and administered a vendor survey, or accepted a refusal.

Some pulga vendors sold on both days, but were only surveyed once. In addition to administering surveys, promotores took photographs and observational notes. Results from this observational data are reported elsewhere. Sociodemographic characteristics included gender, age, years of education completed, national origin and if vendor resided in a colonia.

Business characteristics included number of years as a pulga vendor, one way distance from vendor's residence to pulga , percentage of household income derived from pulga sales, employment status as a pulga vendor full time or not , family participation, and whether vendors marketed at more than one pulga. Other responses were combined with the initial categories to create categorical variables for fruits and vegetables; taquerias ; prepared hot foods; frozen sweet items; sweet and fried items; salty snacks; candy; bread and tortillas; sweetened breads; herbs and spices; live goats, cattle, pigs, and poultry; and juice.

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Separate categories were created for sodas and aguas frescas sugar-sweetened fruit waters , and an inclusive category for all sugar-sweetened beverages. Food characteristics included food source and traditional character of food item.

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Frequencies and percentages were calculated separately for each pulga , and used to describe the demographic characteristics of the participant vendors and items for sale at their stands. Demographic characteristics of the pulga vendors for the four pulgas can be seen in Table 1. The majority of surveyed pulga vendors were women. The overall mean age was The majority was born in Mexico, and resided in a colonia.

Vendors had spent approximately six to eight years selling products in the pulgas. Although most responses were fairly similar across the four pulgas , notable differences were present for the percentage of household income and full-time employment connected to the pulga. Several foods were recorded for the other category in the foods item. Other cold and sweet deserts included shakes and paletas popsicles.

Other fruits and vegetables included garlic, nopales cactus , tunas prickly-pear fruit , mangos , and watermelon. Other salty snacks included chicharrones fried starch resembling fried pork skin , nachos , botanas fried appetizers , peanuts, and semillas nuts such as pumpkin seeds. Other sugar-sweetened beverages included American and Mexican soft drinks.


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Items sold by vendor including the other category for each pulga , and combined for the entire sample are shown in Table 2. Sugar-sweetened beverages were the most common item available Taquerias selling tacos and other items were also common with 21 opportunities for purchase distributed across all four pulgas.

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Notably absent were eggs, and dairy products were represented by three vendors selling cheese. Cheese and eggs were available in prepared food items. Characteristics of foods sold in the pulgas are not shown in table form. Vendors who marketed fresh fruits and vegetables mainly purchased produce from a wholesaler No vendors sold their own fruits and vegetables and one 2.

This study extends knowledge of the retail food environment, and is apparently the first study to examine the availability of fruits and vegetables, salty and sweet snacks, traditional foods, and prepared foods within pulgas.

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It is also one of the few studies that examines the retail food environment of South-Texas colonias. The findings indicate a large proportion of the available food items to be traditional elements of the Mexican and Mexican-American diet. Demographic characteristics indicate that pulga vendors are not only similar to colonia residents in regards to their Mexican origins, but are also largely residents of colonias.

The ties of vendors to nearby colonias are further suggested by the relatively short distance travelled by vendors from home to their stands in the pulga. Although some variations exist in the percentage of income derived by vendors from pulga sales and the percentage of vendors who are fully employed as vendors, these results indicate the importance of pulga vending to the livelihood of vendor families. This importance is further suggested by the large number of vendors who work with fellow family members in their stalls, and who sell in multiple pulgas throughout the week.

The number of years employed as vendors also indicates some stability to this form of employment. Research on food availability has extended its characterization of the retail food environment from traditional outlets such as supermarkets and grocery stores 8 , 11 , 14 to non-traditional outlets including dollar stores, farmers' markets, and fruit stands. Any picture of this retail food environment that disregards pulgas will have ignored a potentially important source of fruits, vegetables, and other foods.


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  8. This study has some limitations. As the first such study of this aspect of the retail food environment, it only examines four pulgas. Thus, this assessment of the availability of fruits, vegetables and other foods may not speak to the regional availability of these items in pulgas. However, these are the only pulgas located near clusters of colonias in the Alton, Mercedes, and San Carlos areas. This study cannot address differences between participants and those who refused. As some vendors were too busy to participate, more successful vendors may be underrepresented in the sample.

    This assessment focuses on availability and vendor characteristics, and cannot speak to important issues from the consumer perspective including the accessibility and utilization of pulgas. Finally, price data was not collected, prohibiting an assessment of item affordability, although the promotores observed that many customers shopped at pulgas because food was cheaper than in conventional outlets.

    Nevertheless, this study indicates that pulgas do make available a variety of food options, including fruits and vegetables, and traditional food items, to nearby colonia residents. The pulgas make available to colonia residents a variety of culturally important and appropriate foods including imported Mexican goods and traditional Mexican and Mexican-American food items, such as prepared dishes and ready to eat items. This study is preliminary work that examines the food environment of pulgas in one county in South Texas, however anecdotal evidence and reports from promotores and other research informants suggest that pulgas are becoming commonplace in locations with large populations of Mexican immigrants throughout the U.

    It is important for policy makers and local practitioners to be aware of the full set of available retail food options. Initial results indicate the potential importance of pulga s to the retail food environment of colonia residents. Thus, practitioners in locations that incorporate pulgas into the retail food environment should ask clients if they shop at pulgas , and what food items they purchase there. In turn, further research on the retail food environment in largely Mexican American and Mexican-immigrant locations such as South Texas should establish how often residents shop at pulgas and what items they purchase.

    While pulgas sell many of the same items one can find at a supermarket or a farmers' market, they are dissimilar. Unlike farmers' markets, pulgas are not a direct conduit between producers and consumers. Furthermore, products available in many farmers' markets and ubiquitous in supermarkets such as eggs and dairy products were mostly unavailable in pulgas.

    Unlike many products in supermarkets, nutritional information is not provided on labels in pulgas with the exception of prepackaged items purchased elsewhere for resale, suggesting that clients who purchase prepared foods from pulgas may require dietary advice in a different form from that provided for those who shop primarily in supermarkets.

    Perhaps the most important observation from a health and nutrition perspective is that many vendors sell fresh fruits and vegetables, although this should be tempered by the even larger number of vendors selling less-healthy items such as sugar-sweetened beverages and fried foods. Thus, pulgas provide another option to purchase fruits and vegetables for low-income and poverty-level clients who may have limited transportation and difficulty accessing other retail outlets.

    Pulga s may also provide an important avenue for nutritional interventions such as the establishment of Electronic Benefit Transfer terminals to allow Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program recipients to take advantage of local pulgas. Practitioners who wish to implement nutritional interventions in pulgas should be cognizant of the demographic profile of pulga vendors and respectful, well-informed and socially integrated with this largely Mexican-immigrant cultural milieu, preferably by employing locally engaged community representatives such as the promotores who were involved in this research project.

    The potential linkages between pulga vendors and colonia residents may be advantageous to those implementing nutritional interventions as pulga vendors may understand the consumers who stand to benefit from these interventions to be members of their own community. Finally, based on the relative importance of pulga vending to the overall livelihood of vendor families, practitioners should show a cautious regard when implementing nutritional interventions that could impact the sales of pulga vendors.

    An unsuccessful intervention may not only fail to improve consumer well being, but may also harmfully impact a pulga vendor's family. Further study of the pulga s as an element of the retail food environment will provide policy makers with a more accurate depiction of the options available to promote healthy eating among colonia residents.

    Such research will facilitate the crafting of more finely-tuned policies to assure the availability of healthy food items to the disadvantaged colonia neighborhoods of South Texas. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH and CDC. We would like to thank the vendors and pulga owners who participated in this study. We would also like to thank the team promotores for their hard work in data collection: Publisher's Disclaimer: This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication.

    Flea Market - Traders Village Marketplace

    As a service to our customers we are providing this early version of the manuscript. The manuscript will undergo copyediting, typesetting, and review of the resulting proof before it is published in its final citable form. Please note that during the production process errors may be discovered which could affect the content, and all legal disclaimers that apply to the journal pertain. National Center for Biotechnology Information , U.


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    7. J Am Diet Assoc. Author manuscript; available in PMC May 1. Wesley R. Dean , Ph. Joseph R. Sharkey , Ph. Julie St. John , M. Hudson Rd. San Benito, TX Phone: Author information Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Corresponding author and author for reprints Telephone: Copyright notice.

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      The publisher's final edited version of this article is available at J Am Diet Assoc. See other articles in PMC that cite the published article. Abstract Accounts of the retail food environment have been limited by research that focused on supermarkets, grocery stores and restaurants as the principal food sources for consumers. Colonias, retail food environment, pulgas, South Texas.

      Sample, Survey and Data Collection Five pulgas were identified for study though consultation with community informants including project affiliated promotores as popular among colonia residents near Alton, Mercedes and San Carlos, TX. Survey Instrument Sociodemographic characteristics included gender, age, years of education completed, national origin and if vendor resided in a colonia.

      Data Analysis Frequencies and percentages were calculated separately for each pulga , and used to describe the demographic characteristics of the participant vendors and items for sale at their stands. Open in a separate window. Table 2 Proportion and n of food vendors selling particular items in each of four pulgas.

      Footnotes Publisher's Disclaimer: NOTES 1.